With all the craze about the ketogenic diet it would behoove one to know if they are a candidate for this type of diet.
First for those not familiar with the ketogenic diet here is a short summary:
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used mainly to treat hard-to-control epilepsy in children. Here are 8 additional benefits:
Triglycerides Tend to Drop Drastically
Increased Levels of ‘Good' HDL Cholesterol
Reduced Blood Sugar and Insulin Levels
May Lower Blood Pressure
Effective Against Metabolic Syndrome
A Greater Proportion of Fat Loss Comes From Your Abdominal Cavity
Improved ‘Bad' LDL Cholesterol Levels
Therapeutic for Several Brain Disorders (Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease)
Now with all of these benefits the scientific literature has investigated if indeed this type of diet is beneficial for all people.
Well it may ultimately come down to your genes. Most specifically, your APOE genotype.
The three different types of APOE genes are as follows:
APOE2 – Best suited to a High Fat / Low Carb Diet (saturated fats are good) APOE3 – Suitable For Both APOE4 – Best Suited For A High Monounsaturated Fat / Low Carb Diet (Avoid Saturated Fats)
Research studies have shown that APOE4 carriers are most effected by high cholesterol, and benefit more from a low saturated fat diet, instead using monounsaturated fats, low carb diet, whereas APOE 2 carriers suit a high fat low carb diet, regardless of the saturated fats.
So what should you do?
Ask your doctor to order the APOE genotype blood test and see if you are in fact a carrier of the APOE4 gene.
If you are a carrier of the APOE4 gene, I recommend decreasing your consumption of saturated fats and focus more on monounsaturated fats.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2367001 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16424116 https://nutritionandmetabolism.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-7075-2-31 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18370662 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17341711 https://nutritionandmetabolism.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-7075-2-34 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16403234 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10584043 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1386252 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12716665 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15533250 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11119301
The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. It is intended as a sharing of knowledge and information from the research and experience of Dr. Zajackowski and her functional medicine community. Dr. Zajackowski encourages you to make your own health care decisions based upon your research and in partnership with a qualified health care professional.
Article Written By: Dr. Ron Grisanti